Mobility, cloud computing, IoT, AI and big data anlytics are among the most important technologies in the digital economy today. Collectively they are enabling a future of "smart everything", and empowering business, consumers and society as a whole. The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 shows how the digital transformation is affecting science, innovation, the economy, and the way people work and live. It aims to help governments design more effective insights from the report, with a specific focus on digital trends among all the other themes covered.
Today, let's focus on the highlights from the report, concerning the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg.
Science, innovation and the digital revolution
• In 2015, Gross Expenditure on R&D represented 1.3% of GDP in Luxembourg just over half of the OECD average (2.4%), and down from 1.6% in 2005.
• Business R&D made up 51% of Gross Expenditure on R&D in Luxembourg in 2015, down from 86% in 2005, while higher education sector R&D expenditure increased ten-fold over the same period.
• At 19%, Luxembourg has one of the highest shares of doctorate holders in the working age population, behind only Switzerland (30%) and Slovenia (28%).
Growth, jobs and the digital transformation
• From 2010 to 2016, Luxembourg experienced a net gain of 59 000 jobs; the biggest gains in the public administration sector, followed by professional and businesses services
• In 2014, 59% of the value added of Luxembourg's Gross Exports originated from abroad (up from 41% in 1995), the highest in the OECD.
• In Luxembourg, 81% of business sector jobs were sustained by foreign final demand, the highest share in the OECD; of these over half were high-skilled jobs.
Innovation today - Taking action
• In Luxembourg, almost 98% of people aged 16-74 years were Internet users in 2016, up from 71% in 2006; practically all persons aged 16-24 use the Internet, while 93% of 55-74 year olds use the Internet – one of the smallest generational gaps in Internet use of any OECD country.
• Women made up 27% of researchers in Luxembourg in 2015, a significant increase from around 18% in 2005.
• Around 53% of scientific publications with authors affiliated to institutions in Luxembourg also feature a co-author from another country (up from 43% in 2005), the highest rate of international collaboration in the OECD.
• In 2016, Luxembourg had the highest rate of scientific author mobility in the OECD, with inflows of 16.6% and outflows of 13.5% of scientific authors.
• Luxembourg is a hub for international e-commerce: 65.4% of firms have undertaken e-commerce sales to other European countries, the highest share among European countries.
Publié le 23 novembre 2017